Accounting for Instructional Strategies and Learning Styles
What is meant by learning styles?
- Issues in Adult Learning
- Gender Tendencies in Learning Styles
- Kolbs learning styles
- Gardners Multiple Intelligences
What is Meant by Instructional Strategies?
- Knowledge structure
- Presentation method
- An opportunity to explore the ideas being taught
- Practice with feedback
- Learner guidance
Do Instructional Goals or Learning Styles matter most?
Four individual instructional styles
- Receptive - presentation, no practice
- Directive - definition, examples, nonexamples presented, practice
then is given to the student
- Guided Discovery - explore situation to uncover examples and nonexamples.
Must have nonexamples and discovery
- Exploratory - best for expert learners
What kinds of learners are found in each category?
- Cognitive-restricted do best in 2
- Cognitive-flexible do best in 3 and 4
Our man says what?
Cognitive Flexibility Theory
- Much of ISD is an unrealistic simplification of learning
- This leads to inability to transfer to novel
- Learning systems must enable content to be addressed in many different
- Based upon idea that teaching in structured way inhibits the ability
to transfer knowledge to situations that do not match the instructional
The goal of instruction should be to become better problem solvers
What is Problem Solving?
- Involves an unknown
- Some value in finding that unknown
- Problem solving
- requires a mental representation of the problem (a problem space)
- some manipulation of that representation using conscious activity
Three different classes of problems
- Abstractness (Domain Specificity)
Assignments due October 6
- Test on Sections 1 and 2 - Test in in BlackBoard with link in Announcements
and Course Documents
- Turn in a final version of your instructional design, incorporating
changes and directions that have interested you from the readings and
class discussions. Submit to Digital Drop Box in Blackboard